Think of foxes as adorable, gorgeous little furballs – ones you wish had been domesticated enough at this point in human history that all types could come live in your home (some currently can!)?
Or think of them more as scoundrel animals that get into your garbage and make heaps of trouble like raccoons do in some parts of the world?
Either way, chances are quite high it’s crossed your mind at least once in passing, whether they’re actually cats or actually dogs. I know it’s crossed my mind before. To be honest, it’s a fair question because foxes look and act a lot like they’d fit into either family quite well.
Are they actually a part of the feline family or the canine family? And why do they seem similar to cats and dogs, albeit the fact that they’re biologically only one of these? Let’s jump straight into the answers.
Are Foxes Biologically a Part of the Dog or Cat Family?
The answer to whether foxes are cats or dogs biologically speaking is quite clear cut: they belong to the canidae family, meaning they are dogs.
Canidae is derived from the Latin word “canis,” which quite literally means, “dog.”
Wikipedia points out this family of animals includes “domestic dogs, wolves, coyotes, foxes, jackals, dingoes, and many other extant and extinct dog-like mammals.”
Foxes’ young are called, kits, cubs, or pups. Males are referred to as tods or reynards, and female foxes are called vixens.
A bit confused? Figured foxes were in the cat family and can’t quite place a finger on why you thought so?
There’s actually quite a bit of overlap between foxes and cats, both in terms of the way they look and the way they behave.
Let’s start with the physical similarities between foxes and cats, then move on to talk about the behavioural overlap.
Picture from post Avery’s Winter Portraits
How Foxes Are Similar to Cats, Even Though They’re Dogs
Physical Similarities Between Foxes and Cats
An excellent response to the question, “Are foxes more closely related to dogs or cats?
Why haven’t they been domesticated?” on Quora points out that Warner Shedd’s book, Owls Aren’t Wise and Bats Aren’t Blind: a naturalist debunks our favorite fallacies about wildlife, gives some really interesting insight into the physical similarities between foxes and cats.
Tamara Troup summarizes some of the overlapping physical features noted by Shedd:
- Foxes have an optical structure similar to cats—foxes have vertical pupils which narrow to slits and a reflective membrane at the back of their eye. Both adaptation enable superior day and night vision.
- Foxes have partially retractable claws—these claws can be extended to help them climb trees (grey foxes, at least) or retracted to pad quietly and stealthily.
- A fox’s whiskers are long and as sensitive as a cats.
Thus, if you took one look at foxes, and figured there was something to them that reminded you quite a lot of a cat, it’s likely to be at least a few of these strikingly similar features – their eyes, specifically their pupils, their retractable claws, and their feline-like whiskers.
What about behaviourally?
Behavioural Similarities Between Foxes and Cats
Again, Troup does an excellent job summarizing relevant facts found in Shedd’s book. She points out in the Quora question that:
- Foxes hunt like cats—instead of hunting like their endurance hunter cousins, foxes are stealth hunters (foxes stalk and pounce like cats and sometimes play with their prey).
- Foxes hunt the same prey as cats.
- Foxes hunt in a solitary manner like cats (as opposed to the group hunting methods of other canids).
- Foxes kill their prey in a cat-like manner—most canids grab and shake their prey, but foxes use their long, slender (again, cat-like) canines to bite to kill.
- A fox’s method of posturing (fur raised, back arched, stiff-legged prance, and batting pounce) is similar to a cat’s method.
The way foxes hunt, what they hunt, the fact that they’re solitary animals in comparison to most canines, and the way their bodies are postured all is very cat-like.
So they not only resemble cats physically, they also look like cats in terms of the way they behave and stand.
Zeller Shark Felt Cat Basket Pet Bed – Amazon
Would Foxes Be More like Cats or Dogs as Pets?
In case you’re curious about what a furry fox would be like inside a home, you may want to take a gander at this article on the Telegraph – Why we love keeping foxes at home – despite the smell.
In it, there’s actually mention of whether foxes as pets are more like felines or canines:
Foxes, Bowler says, are more like cats than dogs: they can be affectionate but only on their own terms. “When Rosie wants to be fussed, she’ll run up, ears down, tail wagging. You can’t ignore her, you’ve got to go over there and give her a fuss. Other times I go in and think ‘I’ll give her a fuss’ and she doesn’t want to know.”
So they’re more like cats.
Interesting, and a fact you may have guessed yourself before having read anything about the topic considering how similar behaviourally they seem to cats.
Your Thoughts on Foxes Being like Cats or Dogs?
Did you expect foxes to be biologically felines or canines?
Did you think they would be so similar physically and behaviourally to the cat family, even though they were part of the dog family?
Are there any other commonalities between foxes and cats that you can think of?
What do you think they’d be like to have as pets? What types of quirky feline behaviours do you think they’d have themselves?
Anything your cat does you think a fox would never do?
Love to hear your thoughts in the comments down below!
Nowadays many people keep everything as pets including foxes. I wonder how a wild fox can be so comfortable with humans… I wish I could keep one in my lifetime. Well, you have mentioned great points. Appreciate!
Foxes are foxes they are cute, clever, and dashing.
You are lying. The funny thing is that if you have a cat an a domestic fox, the cat just tolerates the fox, because for them foxes are very anxious while cats prefer to chill. But if you have a dog an a domestic fox they will get a long really well and they will play in a very funny way. So, just be honest to yourself, don’t mix reality with your what you’d like to see. I think self labelled cat people are so obsessed with cats that when they see a fox they think that they are their second favourite animal choice so they try to make foxes a sort of cats, even though they are related to dogs…
Bria LaPoint says
Too many people think a fox is a canine. Im no scientist, but i read a lot about the fennec and grey fox. The grey fox has retractable claws. Dogs do NOT have retractable claws. Fennecs need cat vaccines and survive on cat food. You heard correctly. Cat food. So anyone trying to convince me a fox is a canid wont get very far because i did my own research. I might not be a scientist, but a dog does not have retractable claws and a dog does not need cat vaccines.
I’m with you!
50 years ago Websters Dictionary listed the Fox as belonging to the Cat Family. I even won a Bar bet for 1000.00 due to this definition. Now every one consults Wiki which states Dog Family.
What’s up with that? Is this information truly scientific?
I’d recommend both of you look up how animals are biologically classified. at the level of canidae, which is the family level, it’s to do with broadly similar genetics, ancestry and structural similarities far more than individual traits or dietary needs.
Foxes share far more biological similarities with canines than with felines, hence them being part of the canidae family. I’m not sure when this happened, which might explain why 50 years ago Webster’s listed them incorrectly as felines. Still, you win a grand because of it, so no harm done!
Whats different is there screams, a dog and cat cannot do that! 😂
They look like dogs, there kits act like puppys,
They are very wary like a dog, but scared like a cat.
Cats treat foxes like dogs i think*****
So theyre more likely to get along with dogs than cats.
They chew on bones like dogs,
The have teeth like them as well.
So theyre more one the dog side to me as, they are still like cats, but it shows cats dont approve to there appearance, dogs do, because they look alike.
Tongue, retractable claws and eyes are like cats!
You can call a fox a dog with cat behavior!
So say its a dog with cat features.
But those features wont make them look anymore catish, it’ll just look like a different dog.
The only most noticable thing is the behavior.
There behavior is equal to that of a dog and cat to me,
They move there head more like a dog, and sit like a dog.
They chew like a dog.
They poo and pee more like a dog.
There smell is different.
They dig like a dog.
There skeleton structure is more like a dog.
There tongue is looks like a dogs tongue, with those cat thingys.
There nose is more like a dogs.
They have to eat dog food, a healthy diet, also consisting of meat,
They eat a whole lot like a dog,
So to me there more doggier, as they look more like a dog, and to mention these features above.
Foxes are actually canids, not canines. They are vulpines and although they are in the very fringes of the dog family, they are not a dog. Research suggests that their lineage split long ago and that they actually share lineage with both cat and dog ancestors.
I wish I could keep my own little fox at home 🙂
Mary Bragg says
I knew foxes were canines. I remember somewhere in trivia container I call my brain, a nature special about a dog breeder that left female dogs that were in season for her to mate with a Fox…much like huskies are tied out to renew the wolf in the breed.
Interesting. Foxes are from the dog family. Never really thought about but the last fox I saw and that was a while ago it was a red one. I can’t imagine domesticating a fox.